Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Patient Nutrition: What you Must Know

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) includes Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Nutritional recommendations for these diseases vary. Those who have these conditions should discuss their treatments with their doctor or dietician.

Kinds of IBD

  • Ulcerative colitis. This is an inflammatory disease in the colon or large intestine. It usually comes with bloody diarrhea. The inflammation doesn’t occur at the entire intestinal wall. But, extensive inflammation is likely to require surgery to remove the affected parts.

  • Crohn’s disease. This chronic inflammatory disease has no known cause. The inflammation can cover the entire wall of the intestine, usually leading to diarrhea, fistulas, strictures and malabsorption. Those who have this disease are often recommended to undergo a surgical resection of some parts of the digestive tract.

Dietary Management for People with IBD

There is confusing information on dietary treatment that fits people with IBD. A lot of people are told they should specific foods and food groups. But, unless the food can worsen the symptoms, there is no need to avoid foods. Maintaining a balanced diet is crucial to maintaining proper digestive function and health. The trick here is to follow the proper diet plan.

Some of those who have IBD may be recommended to follow a liquid diet to let bowel rest. Then, they will reintroduce foods slowly to determine which can aggravate symptoms. Keeping a food diary when can be a good idea to determine food triggers. Such kinds of diet must be done with the advice of a doctor like Dr. Reddy.

Impact of Surgery on Nutrition

Those who experience serious inflammation, fistulas and abscesses may need to have a surgery. Removing the affected parts of the digestive tract in people who have Crohn’s disease is necessary. Also, people with ulcerative colitis many to have their colon removed and ileum attached to the anus.

Removing parts of the intestine has effects on nutritional status. This is because of the decrease in the surface area responsible for absorbing nutrients. Those who are planning to undergo a surgery on intestine removal must consult with their doctor or dietician to know which minerals and vitamins they must take.

Moreover, nutritional needs vary based on the status of the disease as well as patient age and body size. For both kinds of IBD, protein and calorie needs are the same. But, needs will increase while the inflammation is ongoing and after the surgery.